Sunday, August 31, 2008

Anti Indian Group - In Oklahoma?

Chickasaw official fires back at Oklahoma anti-Indian group

Former U.S. Assistant Interior Secretary of Indian Affairs Neal McCaleb, a Chickasaw and a Republican, was the featured speaker at the Republican luncheon Dec. 3 at Coaches Restaurant in Norman. McCaleb was invited to speak following earlier comments to the Republicans from representatives of One Nation, an Oklahoma-based anti-Indian group. One Nation literature claims it was formed to "push back" against what One Nation members call "the massive expansion of tribal authority."

for the rest of the story:
http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/456/Article.aspx

(check out that new online Phoenix newspaper...)

Lakota Spoof - lol..yep a good one...lol

Looks Like Oklahoma is becoming the next New York Nanny State

But in his reply, Gray stated that none of the listed smoke shops transfer cigarettes to other tribes. Instead, they sell to individuals whose business of what they do with the cigarettes is their own. The Osage smoke shops sell to customers who come into their place of business "and in some cases those customers are from other Tribes who are not under Compact with the state of Oklahoma," Gray wrote. "What these customers do with the cigarettes after they leave Osage jurisdiction is of no concern to the Osage Nation. It remains the Osage Nation's position that the smoke shops are required only to purchase and sell cigarettes that bear the correct stamp under the Compact. As long as the cigarettes bear the correct stamp, Osage retailers can sell to any willing customer who comes to their smoke shop, as long as they are not another Osage retailer."

for the full story:
http://www.tulsaworld.com/news/article.aspx?articleID=20080831_11_A1_Fourye637939

(Nanny State - a group of individuals living within a given area, who are not competent to conduct their own affairs and therefor require the State to tell them what they can or can not do in their private lives - all for the *public good*... *public good* most commonly is whatever popular propaganda happens to be making the rounds in the media and political circles at the time)

Too often in an effort to find a *cause* we jump to conclusions that just aren't supported by the evidence

Some have said that it is ridiculous to change so many things, yet continue to smoke, but I don´t know that that is truth. I know it is "common" and accepted knowledge that smoking kills, but I also know there are a lot of accepted truths out there that aren´t really true, so it leaves one to wonder. Our government spends an awful lot of money to discourage smoking and smoking bans have gotten so invasive that now even some renters are not allowed to smoke in their homes. Both my curse and my blessing in this life is that I like things to make sense and it´s hard for me to see sense in a society that seeks to ban cigarette smoking, yet approves of aspartame, fluoride, mercury and overwhelming amounts of pharmaceuticals. It´s hard for me to understand how my little cigarette in an outdoor cafĂ© will cause more damage to those around me than the exhaust from hundreds of cars and trucks passing by on the street. Or how a cigarette can cause more damage to those around me than the smoke stacks spewing God knows what into the air or the air "fresheners" and perfumes being pumped into shopping facilities or the chemicals in foods or the impurities in water.

It seems the anti-smoking lobby has made little mention of the recent studies that show a reduced risk, by as much as 50%, of Parkinson´s disease in smokers or that 75% of those that die of heart disease are non-smokers. Other studies have shown that smoking does not cause breast cancer, 90% of ulcerative colitis sufferers are non-smokers, and that as smoking has been reduced, childhood asthma has increased. Also some studies indicate that nicotine may alleviate Tourettes Syndrome and prevent Alzheimer´s by stimulating the nicotinic receptors in the brain assisting memory.

Evidence Archive

What many fail to see is that smoking bans are not about our health, if it were about our health there would not be chemicals in our foods, genetically modified seeds, growth hormones in our diary, waste products in our water, mercury in vaccines or metals in skin care products. No, smoking bans are about loss of individual freedoms, control of the masses and profit for those in charge and we have accepted it due to overwhelming amounts of propaganda. We live in America where we are supposed to be free, free to live our lives how we see fit. Some want to jump out of airplanes, others choose to surf on huge ocean waves, some enjoy flying down a snow covered mountain, drinking alcohol, hiking in bear territory, riding bicycles along crowded highways, becoming a soldier, having a child and all these endeavors are capable of shortening one´s life, yet we are free to enjoy those pursuits without discrimination, the same should be said for smoking. So while many support the smoking bans and feel free to chastise, name call, approach and attempt to convert smokers, it should be kept in mind that next time it may something you enjoy that is banned. (currently it's cell phones and McDonald's - actually the only safe thing to do is, stay in bed and not eat....I mean getting out of bed you could slip and fall and when eating you could choke...and what about all these anti smoking ads on TV and right after that the ad for VIAGRA - give me a break - talk about a Nation of Sheep that just follow along - wake up folks - don't let propaganda run your lives!! These are all left-wingers in the Democratic party who support this nonsense)

For the full story:
http://www.americanchronicle.com/articles/72542

(I suppose one could say a vote for Obama is a vote for smoking, since he is a smoker... should we Ban Obama from the White House.....lol....or will they just cover his smoking up....not for long I suppose, it could start a fire.....lol...better yet is the White House a smoke free environment - I mean we allow Muslim head dresses for women in public, but you can't smoke in public - Muslim head dresses cause my blood pressure to rise, that's a health risk isn't it, particularly when you can't even put up a Nativity scene in public - so what happens if a head of state comes to the White House who smokes, do we offend him and ask him to step outside the WH to smoke, better yet, will Obama step outside the WH to smoke.....see how ridicules this becomes .... another double standard......:)

Saturday, August 30, 2008

Native Americans Against Obama For Good Reasons

OBAMA HAS NO PLAN FOR "CHANGE" FOR NATIVE AMERICANS

http://www.californiachronicle.com/articles/72336

Obama has not shown Native Americans that he has the leadership capabilities, nor personal willingness to fully address and implement a policy of change that would help Native Americans should he be elected president. The more Obama talks about "Change", Native Americans see "No Change Nor Commitment" for them with Obama as president.

A VOTE FOR OBAMA IS A VOTE FOR NO REAL CHANGE!

It's time to "take a stand" for what is right for all American people. That is why we encourage all to learn as much as they possibly can and "think before you vote".

NATIVE AMERICANS AGAINST OBAMA FOR GOOD REASONS

http://www.nativeamericansagainstobama.com

Mike Graham, Citizen Oklahoma Cherokee Nation

Founder United Native America www.UnitedNativeAmerica.com

John McCain is Ready!

Democrats for McCain

Native Americans Against Obama- Where Do We Go Now?



Remember: Rep Diane Watson is a democrat

Friday, August 29, 2008

Wow!

John McCain listened to the heart of America and picked Sarah Palin - Wow....

And what did the Obama campaign do, the same thing they did to Hillary Clinton - they immediately dissed her...can you believe that... women in the democratic party have been battered for so long, they're suffering, Battered Wife Syndrome! How do they justify voting for a ticket that continues to diss women!

John McCain did what the Dems could not do....he's helping to shatter that glass ceiling!

He stands for Good Judgement for America and Americans!

Yep, those Native American Vets know what they're doing when they back John McCain!

Thank you Cara Cowan!!

Cowan's 'Indian wars'

http://www.tahlequahdailypress.com/letters/local_story_242120756.html?keyword=topstory


Editor, Daily Press:


Cherokee Nation Councilor Cara Cowan calls me a “fake Indian” and a “wannabee” in press interviews and live broadcasts of tribal council meetings. With 30 or 40 real issues facing Cherokee people, I can’t see why she spends much of her time attacking me.

Record gasoline prices (she has something to do with gas prices?) , a plummeting U.S. dollar, food prices, utilities and heating fuel prices through the roof (...lol...so Cara has something to do with this...lol...gee, Cara, I didn't know you were so powerful...lol), juvenile and adult-onset diabetes rampant, out-of-control Cherokee obesity, rising bouts of sexual predation, teen depression and pregnancy, racial slurs and attacks on all manner of non-tribal members (we don't have jurisdiction over you non-tribal members or this would not be happening!), the rise of Indian drug gangs are the tip of the iceberg. (drug gangs are rampant all over - it's the drugs stupid - big bucks, no control and open borders - send your complaints to Congress on this one - not the Cherokee Nations fault on this) Amphetamine cooking and crack cocaine are on the rise. Loan sharks, scam artists and religious zealots are targeting poor Cherokees (sure you aren't talking about white communities here, Amphetamine abuse is all over not just the Cherokee Nation and until Congress decides to do something about the borders, drugs are going to continue to be a problem ALL OVER THE US - oh, but you're mad at the Cherokee Nation and it's leaders, so that's their fault...lol). Growing numbers of Indian casinos abound, and the poverty, divorce, violence, lies, abuse, and neglect – not to mention the gambling addiction – is touching every community (yah, yah, yah, let's shut down Las Vegas while we're at it, or maybe go back to prohibition days). Hardly a family is escaping this new lifestyle unscathed, and the Cherokee Nation is to blame for plenty of it. I know they are sovereign and we can’t stop them; only the U.S. Senate can do that. (yeah, right, like he knows what's going on in Indian Country...problem is we don't have jurisdiction over non Tribal members like him! Ah, another non Indian BLAMING the Cherokee Nation Council and Chief Smith...)

First, I’ll go to the question of my Indian-ness; then it’s only fair I touch on Cara’s Indian-ness, and a bunch of people’s Indian-ness. On my dad’s side, I’ve got a good bit of Kentucky Cherokee blood (lol...so just how much Kentucky Cherokee...lol...is this your tribe: http://www.southerncherokeenation.net/history2.htm ? I must say, if this is all true, complain to the BIA.... and quite calling us names!), also some German and hillbilly. I never refer to myself as an Indian (problem is the general public *assumes* you are Indian because you sell Indian topic books and paintings - TRUTH in Advertising, Murv, list yourself as a non Indian on your books and paintings - then let's see how well your *stuff* sells). I have never said I was a member of any tribe. (you don't have to by your associations the general public who you cater to, assumes you are Cherokee) But I will never, no matter how vicious their attacks, deny my ancestry. I’ve met very few folks who are actually “Indians.” A card doesn’t make you Indian.(nor does a bunch of *family stories* make you Indian; Murv, we all trace our families back to a CHEROKEE ON THE DAWES ROLL - YOU DON'T; you are an intruder - the problem is when folks buy your books, they think a Cherokee wrote them - which isn't true! Just take look at this: http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_ss_b?url=search-alias%3Dstripbooks&field-keywords=Murv+Jacobs&x=17&y=17 you don't need to sell in our Cherokee shops - you're making plenty at Amazon! I see he has at least one Cherokee to give him credibility Gayle Ross; unfortunately folks believe they are purchasing Cherokee Stories by a Cherokee who they believe they are helping but not true, he's taking money on false pretenses and we have no jurisdiction to stop him!)

“Kowan’s Kulture Komittee” removed all my artwork and books from both the Cherokee Nation Heritage Center and the little CN gift shop because I do not have a federal tribal membership card. In her little world, I have become a persona non gratis (even though I’ve been painting the Cherokees for 40 years (ah but this doesn't make you Cherokee) ), just as the new law mandates (passed by Chad’s hand-picked council). (In our little World, the intruders are doing us more harm than good - so why doesn't he go bug the Eastern Band of Indians? Because they have a blood quantum as well - Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma only has a requirement to prove your line back to a Cherokee Ancestor on the Dawes Roll - you don't have one Murv, the rest of us do! and we're tired of the intruders! Our Ancestors not only walked the Trail of Tears but they settled in the Cherokee Nation in NE Oklahoma - I seriously doubt the Cherokee Nation has much say on who is or is not recognized by either the state of Kentucky or the BIA, take your harsh words and fight to them!)

I was told by a CN gift shop employee that CN has been pulling a lot of books from their shelves. I was also told CN has even pulled items produced by tribal members, if they disagree with them culturally, notably “Black Indians,” a film produced and directed by the same tribal members who produced the TV commercials that got Chad elected. But Chad said there’s no such thing as a black Indian (and he is right, you're either Cherokee or Not Cherokee). The employee was afraid to tell me who “they” are, and with McCarthyist, Cold War mentality prevailing in “Chad the Impaler’s” third term, the employee cannot be blamed. (Oh, comments of another mad person who can't push the Cherokee Nation around - isn't this interesting - these folks have nothing but bad things to say and then want us to support them)

Cowan, the keeper of Chad’s most recent sacred fire of racial purity (oh, give me a break, we're a tribe of Cherokees not of any old person who *thinks* they're Indian), is a scant 1/256ths Cherokee on her CDIB card. Only in the wacky world of CN does she receive all those tribal benefits, plus a $50,000-per-year salary, plus mileage and expenses, and Cowan, 1/256 Cherokee, attacks me from the impenetrable position of tribal sovereignty. (But she is Cherokee Nation Cherokee - and you are?)

There are thousands of CN tribal members with such laughable, minimal blood quanta, some as low as 1/2048. “White” Indians (better white Indian than wannabee....:) however, I've never heard or read that term either except on the Cornsilk's board) is what they are most often referred to throughout Cherokee history. (But we have a a provable Cherokee Ancestor on the Dawes Roll - get it? Blood Quantum not required)You’d never guess they were Indians if they didn’t have that card. In the United Keetoowah Band, a person must be at least one-quarter Indian to be a member. The Keetoowahs bear the most attacks from the Cherokee Nation and its Southern White Indian Supremacist leadership. (I've never heard any officials from the Cherokee Nation attack the UKB) But the UKB’s membership is growing as more actual Cherokees switch, leaving the CN’s DNA spread even thinner. (Murv we don't need a *blood-quantum* to be citizens of the Cherokee Nation - we need a Cherokee Ancestor on the Dawes Roll - what is it about that Cherokee Ancestor on the Dawes Roll that everyone seems to miss?? CHEROKEE ANCESTOR ON THE DAWES ROLL - that means our families were living in the NE part of Oklahoma when they took that roll - we didn't make those rules, Congress did - man you all need to get a grip and march on Congress or the BIA and quit blaming the Cherokee Nation for things that they didn't do!!)

I believe CN is afraid that if the door is opened for state-recognized tribes, they will grow in status, gain recognition, maybe even open a casino! Hence, CN must shame me and my family. I believe they will be decertified as the blatant frauds they are. (well, Murv if you want Kentucky to recognize Cherokees there - GO THERE AND FIGHT FOR THEM, instead of making money off of us in Oklahoma! I've seen it time and time again here in California - Congress helps make folks Indian all the time - so Chad has nothing to do with whether or not Tribes are state or federally recognized - it's generally because they can't meet the requirements of the BIA and most state recognitions are just plain hokey, more made on political concerns than actual Indianness - in case you've not heard, Congress has never taken Indians into consideration when they make decisions about them, so what makes you think they are going to do that now - otherwise the Congressional Black Caucus would not be getting involved in this - they apparently rely on the same misinformation you rely on.)

Murv Jacob

Tahlequah

(this man and his friend have made tons of money off of his book sales of *Cherokee Stories* - and Murv, better to be a thin blood than no blood - go back to Kentucky! Thank you Cara Cowan - she's protecting the interest of all recognized Indians and not cowering to Fake Indians! I can't tell you the number of *Cherokees* I've run into that can't prove they are Cherokee but boy, they sure want to make money off of it! You're not an Indian and don't meet the requirements to be a Cherokee Tribal Member, Murv - get over it!)

Ok, the Cornsilks and I don't agree on much but here is John Cornsilks response to Murv's letter (you may encounter some offensive language at his site, so be aware of that):

http://www.network54.com/Forum/237458/message/1220123311/Wilma+and+Chads+pet+wannabee+being+exposed%2C+and+crying+about+it%21%21

More bad information!

Bronson was born in 1897 on a farm outside Grove. Brown said that in her writings, she recalled her experiences at age 10, when the Cherokee Nation was dissolved and Oklahoma became a state.

http://www.tahlequahdailypress.com/features/local_story_242122221.html?keyword=topstory

Again you need to read the Freedmen vs Cherokee Nation case:

http://pacer.cadc.uscourts.gov/common/opinions/200807/07-5024-1130149.pdf

(The Cherokee Nation was here before the Europeans, after they came and remains here now - the Tribe has never been dissovled!!)

Air-borne pollutants and Cancer

http://www.pr-inside.com/freedom-to-choose-welcomes-new-research-r769883.htm

Freedom To Choose Welcomes New Research On Lung Cancer
2008-08-23 12:07:41 -

A new study by scientists at the Environmental Chemistry department at Louisiana State University concludes that a new form of air pollutant, created from the fine particle residues in automotive exhaust pipes, smokestacks and household chimneys, has been identified which replicates the damage to humans caused by cigarette smoke. ‘Inhaling these pollutants exposes the average person up to 300 times
more free radicals daily than from smoking one cigarette'. (1) (2)

Experts at the pro-choice group Freedom2Choose have acknowledged the conclusions of this report, presented at the American Chemical Society only this week, noting that it seeks to explain the disparities with the claims of tobacco control. It is also reflected in many other studies conducted over the last 50 years which have been hidden behind the Tobacco Control movement.

Andy Davis, Freedom2Choose chairman, comments: 'The conclusions of this study come as no surprise to scientists involved in this type of research. Air-borne pollutants have been a known cause of lung-cancer for over 50 years now. The Medical Research Council, back in 1957, found that up to 30% of all lung-cancers were attributable to air-pollution and this was before the great volumes of traffic appeared on our roads.' (3)

The findings announced by Dr H Barry Dellinger, Ph.D. reflect those of Dr Kitty Little's study in 1998, a research scientist at Oxford, which also forged the link between diesel fumes and lung-cancer. Her evidence concluded that ‘diesel fumes contain four known carcinogens; lung cancer is rare in rural areas, but common in towns; cancers were more prevalent along the routes of motorways; the incidence of lung cancer has doubled in non-smokers over past decades; and that there was less lung cancer when we, as a nation, smoked more.' She also concluded with a damning statement stating, ‘Since the effect of the anti-smoking campaign has been to prevent the genuine cause from being publicly acknowledged, there is a very real sense in which we could say that the main reason for those 30,000 deaths a year from lung cancer is the anti-smoking campaign itself'. (4)

Freedom2Choose believe that the Tobacco Control movement has, on the basis of uncertain epidemiology, already branded and convicted smokers as citizens who harm others with its relentless 'passive smoking' campaign.

Andy Davis continues, 'There should be concern for both non-smokers and smokers alike, with choice being given. We are already witnessing many unwelcome outcomes of the blanket smoking ban with the accelerating decline of our hospitality industry and associated job losses. We certainly believe that choice is missing from the current ban and have devised a traffic light system, whereby smoking can be forbidden, restricted or permitted as part of our campaign, with full use of modern air management systems.' (5)

The current ‘blanket' smoking ban legislation in force within the UK is one of the most stringent within Europe and Freedom2Choose is campaigning for a reform to place the UK more in line with the majority of the other EU countries.
www.freedom2choose.info

References:

(1) www.inthenews.co.uk/news/science/new-pollutant-mirrors-smoking-d ..

(2) www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-08/acs-nda072308.php

(3) fds.oup.com/www.oup.co.uk/pdf/0-19-926030-3.pdf Page 45

(4) www.second-opinions.co.uk/diesel_lung_cancer.html

(5) www.freedom2choose.info/docs/F2CNewsletter2-2008.pdf Page 2

Contact Information:
Freedom2Choose

22 Glastonbury House
Priestfields
Middlesbrough
TS3 0LF

Contact Person:
John Baker
Secretary
Phone: 0845 643 9552
email: email

Web: http://www.freedom2choose.info/


Press Information:
Freedom2Choose

22 Glastonbury House
Priestfields
Middlesbrough
TS3 0LF

Contact Person:
John Baker
Secretary
Phone: 0845 643 9552
email: email

Web: www.freedom2choose.info

Enstrom/Kabat California study. Excellent study, while the first 95% of it was funded by the American Cancer Society, the LAST five percent that allowed E/K to publish the results came from the tobacco industry since ACS didn't want to see the results published. Here's the link to the study: http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/short/326/7398/1057

Clearly reaching the levels of just plain NUTS!

http://tobaccoanalysis.blogspot.com/search?q=scott%27s

The Rest of the Story

While policies that deny employment to smokers are generally legal, the requirement Sarasota is imposing on new hires - that they submit to an invasive medical test to determine their cotinine level - represents an unwarranted invasion of privacy that just may prove to violate state right-to-privacy laws.

As I reported, A U.S. District Court judge for the District of Massachusetts ruled earlier this year that there are sufficient legal grounds for a lawsuit filed by a smoker against The Scotts Company to proceed based on the contention that the company violated the Massachusetts right-to-privacy statute. The plaintiff - Scott Rodrigues of Bourne, Massachusetts - was fired by Scotts after failing a urine cotinine test.The District Court ruled that there are sufficient grounds to proceed with the case to determine whether Rodrigues' firing violated Massachusetts privacy law.

Tuesday, August 26, 2008

Michelle Obama



How many in Indian Country make $300,000.00/year?

I guess those per capita payments by California Tribes aren't too far out of line....

Another misguided book

Because of the last paragraph in this book, After the Trail of Tears, The Cherokees' Struggle for Sovereignty 1839-1880, by Wm McLoughlin, it actually goes down in time to 1907 in the 1994 edition, I'm not sure there is much credibility here. There is no indication in his bio that he has any particularly qualifying experience to claim any understanding of Cherokee History.

P. 380

*Though they (the Cherokee Nation) have legal recognition as a tribe and elect their own chief, they lack sovereignty.*

WRONG! WRONG! WRONG!

(this again appears to be a misguided book from the Ross party stand point...I would not take seriously any contentions made in it except those that come from a documented source and then I'd go to the primary source document to verify the information or conclusion drawn from it.

Again this book merely demonstrates the continuing conflict down through the civil war of the Ross/Ridge controversy within the Cherokee Nation and now continues today.

Apparently the Cornsilks and Freedmen are on their way to Washington D.C. to continue this controversy - again this is a small faction within the greater Cherokee Nation today - the vast and overwhelming majority of Cherokee families did not have slaves - apparently John Ross had quite a few. Having done a great deal of genealogical research - old records are generally less than clear as to family relationships and a great deal of *guessing* has gone into many family genealogies - many being disproved today by DNA projects.

The Dawes Roll was compiled from those folks who were living in the Indian Territory when the Dawes Commission began giving out parcels of Cherokee Land...if they were not living in the Indian Territory they did not get land or on the Dawes Roll. Many known Cherokee descendants today are not members of the Cherokee Nation for this reason.

This book illustrates the continued misguided historical view point of those who try to *explore* the Cherokee History from outside the Nation.

Again, I point you to the recent case of the Freedmen vs the Cherokee Nation:

http://pacer.cadc.uscourts.gov/common/opinions/200807/07-5024-1130149.pdf

I'm inclined to agree with Cooley - cut this faction loose from the Cherokee Nation - otherwise this conflict is just going to be like the Ever Ready bunny, it's just going to keep going and going and going - I find it strange the Cornsilks have not applied for Federal Recognition, since they are so set on forcing the Cherokee Nation to accept a group that is from their civil war days, not to mention their vile opinions of the Cherokee Nation. Congress has the power to make the Freedmen *Indians* if they cut the Ross Party loose from the Cherokee Nation make them their own band, the Freedmen issue is solved since they would more than likely be made a part of the Ross Party Band. However, I'd think federal funding would be excluded since the Freedmen are not Indian by Blood - or funding would include Indian Funding and Freedmen Funding, let's make it even clearer that at least Indian dollars are not going to non Indians.

I suspect one can not understand the Cornsilks positions unless you regress in time and can follow the all the various and numerous conflicts within the Cherokee Nation around the time of the Civil War. Although I'd be weary of any opinions and interpretations in the book without further research in the primary source documents)

p. 122

The intermarried whites who enjoyed living in Indian country where land was free and there were no taxes were the first to make regular use of black slaves in the nation. Many observers claimed that slavery began to play a significant role among the Cherokees after 1783 when the white Tories who took refuge with the southern Indian allies of George III stayed on with their slaves after the Revolution and institutionalized slavery. Resident federal agents and some missionaries encouraged the use of black slaves as well.

same source p. 208:

On February 20, the Loyal council passed an act emancipating all slaves in the Cherokee Nation as of June 25, 1863. This emancipation act freed few slaves, however, for most of them were owned by those Cherokee mixed-bloods allied with the Confederacy. This council would also vote at a later session on November 14, 1863, "that liberated slaves not having rights and privileges as the Citizens of the Cherokee Nation, shall be viewed and treated as other persons, members of other Nations or communities, possessing no right to citizenship." That is, they were to be expelled as "intruders." "But if such persons desire to become laborers within the Cherokee Nation, they shall be admitted upon the same terms as others who are not citizens. But the person so employing said liberated persons shall first obtain a permit for that purpose."

p. 216

It was one of the ironies of Cherokee history that Ross, and not Watie, was the leader of the full-bloods. Watie had the sturdy temperament of a full-blood; Ross was a well-meaning bureaucrat.

p. 220

Ross was now seventy-five years old. His country lay in ruins. He had three sons and three grandsons who had served in the Union army, and many close members of his family had died in the war. One of this sons and a nephew had been killed in the war. His plantation was in weeds, his home burned, and his slaves (fifty to one hundred) freed....Ross firmly believed that three years of loyal service to the Union by the overwhelming majority of the Cherokee males in the Indian regiments deserved a reward and not a punishment from the federal government. (this appears to be the feeling among those Cherokee's who *helped* at every stages of the establishment of the US government, however, in each and every case, the US government did not even acknowledge the help much less reward it.)

p 226:

The Southern delegates were distraught when they learned of this new turn of events. "I wrote to you some time ago," E.C. Boudinot wrote to his brother, William P. Boudinot, on July 2, 1866, "that we had signed a satisfactory treat. Since then things have taken a change under a mistaken apprehension that a compromise can be made. The President directs that another treat shall be made" with the Ross party. [Dale and Litton, Cherokee Cavaliers, p. 246]

This second treaty was signed by the commissioners and Loyal delegates on July 19, 1866 (including a shaky signature obtained from Ross in his hotel room). It contained thirty-one separate and complex articles. The most important article from Ross' point of view was Cooley's agreement not to divide the nation. Instead, the Southern Cherokees received only semi autonomous control of the Canadian District within the nation (electing their own council representatives and local sheriffs, judges, and court officers) and were required, just as any other district, to obey the laws passed by the majority of the council. They also lost control over any part of the nation's land and funds. All Cherokee funds remained in the hands of the national treasury and it's Loyal majority in the council. In return for this, Ross had to agree, against his private objections, to give citizenship (once again there is no mention at all in this treaty that citizenship was granted, thus the need to consult primary documents on this subject, I would guess the term citizenship wasn't even contemplated by these treaty signers and probably wasn't even in the Cherokee vocabulary of the time, much less a Cherokee concept of the time. The contemplated *benefit* of the time was the US giving individual Cherokees land grants of the Cherokee Land) to former Cherokee slaves, to repeal the act confiscating rebel improvements...to sell the Cherokee Strip...

Familiar Names at the DNC

Mark Macarro, chairman of the Pechanga Band of Luise�o Indians, serves on the Platform Committee, which is responsible for drafting and recommending a proposed national platform for approval at the convention.

Oklahoma state Rep. Chuck Hoskin, another Platform Committee member, serves as chair of the Oklahoma State House Democratic Caucus. He formerly represented Craig and Nowata counties on the Cherokee Nation Tribal Council. (His son, Chuck Hoskins, jr is a current member of the Cherokee Nation Tribal Council.)

http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096418051

Monday, August 25, 2008

Public Law 280 obsolete

Southern California tribes call for repeal of P.L. 280
Posted: August 18, 2008
by: Victor Morales

http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096417973&na=1622

Photo by Todd Krainin -- Soboba Chairman Robert J. Salgado

SAN JACINTO, Calif. - After more than 50 years in effect, southern California Indian tribes are saying it's time to repeal a law that gives jurisdiction of criminal offenses in some reservations to the state.

The who's who of the region's Indian country gathered Aug. 11 at the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians reservation to denounce Public Law 280, which they say is a ''throwback'' to a different era and nowadays archaic in a new day for American Indians.

The open forum attended by an estimated 200, including a couple dozen tribal leaders, follows a string of violence between tribal members and Riverside County sheriff's deputies that left five Sobobas dead within a six-month span at or near the 6,000-acre Soboba reservation. Soboba Chairman Robert J. Salgado and Riverside County Sheriff Stanley Sniff signed a somewhat tenuous agreement in July intended to decrease tension and improve cooperation. In addition, the sheriff's department has hired a tribal liaison.

But clearly, the rancor over the law has not lessened in the region, where some 25 Indian tribes live in an alpine, grassland and desert topography. And the acrimony now appears to have intensified, as many if not most the region's tribes showed up to not only support the Soboba but to collectively call for the retrocession of criminal jurisdiction back to reservations.

''Understand we respect the law. We don't think we are above the law, but we also have rights in Indian country. That's what we stand up for,'' Salgado said in his opening remarks to a large audience that packed a conference hall.

He said during the forum's intermission he had felt that the lead to repeal the law fell on him in the wake of the killings on the reservation he has represented for 30 years. And he urged tribal leaders to vent their frustrations, experiences and proposals on P.L. 280 in a candid question and answer session: ''But, for once, tell the truth about how you feel about Public Law 280. This is time that we come together as tribal people and tribal leaders to express yourself; and don't hold anything back, because that's what we are all about.''

The media was not allowed in that session, but one tribal official who was present and requested anonymity said tribal leaders chastised themselves for waiting until the killings to act against the long-despised law. They also expressed regret on how quietly the law passed in 1953, the official said.

Still, some vented even before the closed-door session. National Indian Justice Center Executive Director Joseph Myers, Pomo of Santa Rosa, reflected on how the law resulted in long-lasting impressions of cultural insensitivity: At 13, he and his 80-year-old grandfather encountered a state game warden on the banks of creek while fishing salmon. The warden broke his grandfather's traditional spear that he had labored to craft, he said.

''[The warden] could have said, 'Joe, this is a new day and there is no more fishing in the traditional way.' He didn't do that: he just did an act of violence and broke the work of my grandfather against his knee,'' Myers said.

During the public session, leading Public Law 280 legal scholar Carole E. Goldberg of the University of California - Los Angeles discussed highlights of her nationwide study on law enforcement under P.L. 280. Among the most important, she said, was the disparity in performance views of law enforcement in reservations that have P.L. 280 jurisdiction and those that don't. Performance ratings by reservation residents and state and county peace officers were wide in P.L. 280 jurisdictions but less in those that are not subject to it.

''That suggested that it wasn't the reservation residents in Public Law 280 jurisdictions who were out of line. It was the inflated view of their own performance by state and county law enforcement and criminal justice divisions,'' she said.

Another key finding, she said, was reservation residents' complaints of inconsistent service by state and county law enforcement and the detrimental impact it has.

''And because there is not a regular relationship, when state and county law enforcement do come on to the reservations, they tend to come on [in a] less respectful [and] heavy-handed way,'' Goldberg said.

Former police officer Alex Tortes, the new tribal liaison for the Riverside sheriff's department, is a member of the Torres-Martinez Band of Cahuilla Indians. He said he was on his fourth week on the job.

''My function is to work with the tribe to see what they have to say so we can work out some type of a solution,'' he said.

Salgado, who met with Tortes in early August, said he was ''very impressed'' with him. ''I felt from his heart he was the right man. ... But he is only the messenger. He can take all the messages back to the leader, but if the leader doesn't have the heart then we are back to square one.''

(self-governance for Tribes would seem to make P.L. 280 obsolete - additionally more funding has been infused into the Tribal law enforcement program)

Sunday, August 24, 2008

Congress is a greater concern than President

Is McCain's history with Indians a mixed blessing?

By ERICA WERNER –

WASHINGTON (AP) — This election year, Native Americans will have a rare opportunity to vote for a candidate who knows their issues well and has worked with them for years.

Yet, Republican presidential candidate John McCain's long history with Indian country may be hurting him as much as helping.

As a senator from Arizona, a state with more than 20 federally recognized tribes, McCain has spent two decades on the Senate Indian Affairs Committee, including two stints as chairman. But some Native Americans are angry over McCain's attempts while chairman from 2005 to 2006 to put more regulations on Indian casinos. They say he should have been more focused on Indian health care and other needs.

Some also resent McCain's decision to refuse campaign donations from tribal governments.

By contrast, Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama, is taking their money. (Obama takes Tribes special interest funds. I dare say he's not *given* anything to Indian Country yet)

McCain faces other challenges in Indian country, where Native Americans tend to vote heavily Democratic. Though Indians make up just about 1 percent of the U.S. population, they comprise key voting blocs in states where they're concentrated such as North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Alaska and New Mexico.

Despite his lack of background in tribal affairs — there are no federally recognized tribes in Illinois — Obama is making a big play for those votes, with lots of help from former Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle, D-S.D., a widely respected figure in Indian country. (say what? Daschle?)

On the donations, McCain's advisers say tribes should spend their money on their own needs, not on politicians. But some Indians feel their money has been viewed as tainted ever since an investigation that was started by McCain found that GOP lobbyist Jack Abramoff was ripping off tribal clients. (so you'd rather be ripped off?)

Some tribes say they were the victims of that scandal, not participants in it, and have every right to make political donations.

McCain "couldn't claim any major legislative victories during his tenure as chairman concerning Indian country," said J. Kurt Luger, executive director of the Great Plains Indian Gaming Association in Bismarck, N.D. "He put forward a piece of legislation that would have added more burdensome regulation to our gaming industry at a time when our federal funding was at its lowest point."

To counter McCain's long history, Obama has met eight times with tribal leaders, opened campaign offices on reservations, run a radio ad in the Navajo language and released an Indian policy platform more than a year ago.

It's making an impression.

Obama has "really reached out more, I think," said A. Gay Kingman, executive director of the Great Plains Tribal Chairman's Association.

Kingman said her group hoped for a meeting with McCain when he was in South Dakota this month, but it didn't happen. The McCain campaign cites scheduling conflicts.

"We were very disappointed because we've had a long history with Sen. McCain and I know that if he personally had gotten the message, he might have met with us. But we couldn't get to him," Kingman said.

McCain's campaign responds that none of Obama's promises can match McCain's years of service on Indian Affairs. The campaign has a long list of McCain's accomplishments for Indian country, including his sponsorship of the Tribal Self-Governance Act of 1994, which aimed for more self-sufficient tribal government; legislation to address methamphetamine use in Indian country; and authorship of the Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Act.

They also cite his work to update the Indian Health Care Improvement Act. Critics note that the bill didn't actually pass the Senate until this year, with Sen. Byron Dorgan, D-N.D., chairing Indian Affairs. (that the Black Congressional Caucus is now sitting on)

"Sen. Obama's going to have to meet with (tribes) on a daily basis to catch up with the 25 years Sen. McCain has spent on their issues," said Douglas Holtz-Eakin, senior policy director to McCain. "I don't think there's anything that even looks like a horse race in terms of intimacy of association and familiarity with the issues."

For some Native Americans, it may come down to a choice between the devil you know and the devil you don't — a phrase Obama himself has used about the campaign.

"Sen. McCain knows us intimately, so he knows our strengths as well as our weaknesses, so that could play good and bad for us," said Jacqueline Johnson, executive director of the National Congress of American Indians. "Sen. Obama is newer to this field."

(regardless of who is elected president, it's congress the Nations need to watch and Obama seems to lean heavily toward letting congress handle Indian Affairs, as he said earlier in the Cherokee case, let the courts decide before congress *interferes* - Indian Country also knows McCain's weaknesses and strengths but Obama is an unplayed field and his connection to the Congressional Black Caucus should be of concern to all Native Americans - it is after all the Congressional Black Caucus that has prevented Indian Health Care or Indian Housing Bills from even getting to the floor for a vote)

Friday, August 22, 2008

SEC and the Cherokee Nation

The Securities and Exchange Commission only has authority over publicly traded corporations.

No Indian Nation in the U.S. is a publicly traded corporation, they don't sell stock, they don't trade their stock on the stock exchanges, therefore, they are not publicly traded corporations and the Securities and Exchange Commission does not get involved in their matters.

Thursday, August 21, 2008

BIA never authorized by Congress

The abolition of the factory system left a vacuum within the U.S. government regarding Native American relations. The current Bureau of Indian Affairs was formed on March 11, 1824, by Secretary of War John C. Calhoun, who created the agency without authorization from the United States Congress. McKenney was appointed the first head of the office, which went by several names at first. McKenney preferred to call it the "Indian Office", whereas the current name was preferred by Calhoun. Like its predecessors, the bureau was originally a division of the Department of War. In 1849 it was transferred to the Department of the Interior. The bureau was renamed to Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1947 (from the original Office of Indian Affairs).

for more info:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bureau_of_Indian_Affairs

Wednesday, August 20, 2008

Cherokee Heritage Center is a place of history, education and cultural pride for an entire nation

Cherokee Heritage Center museum store gets renovation

Posted: August 20, 2008
by: Staff Reports / Indian Country Today

http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096417993

Photo courtesy Cherokee Tourism -- The Cherokee Heritage Center museum store will open Memorial Day weekend with a new look. A recent expansion created gallery-like displays for Cherokee art and artifacts.

TULSA, Okla. - The Cherokee Heritage Center museum store opens Memorial Day weekend with a new look. The store, which serves as the main entrance to the museum, underwent a $90,000 renovation in August to create a gallery-like display for Cherokee art and artifacts available for purchase. The renovation is part of a two-phase construction and redesign project for the Cherokee Heritage Center, located in Tahlequah.

''Part of what we do here at Cherokee Nation Enterprises is help restore and revive our Cherokee history and culture, which is prominently put on display at each of our Cherokee Casino locations,'' said David Stewart, CEO of Cherokee Nation Enterprises, which operates Cherokee Casinos and multiple other retail businesses. ''We have many other businesses and departments that work outside of the casino, helping to promote the Cherokee Nation and its culture. The heritage center is a longtime example, and we were happy to be a part of the redesign.''

The project was a design of Resource Design out of Rogers, Ark.

''The heritage center is a place of history, education and cultural pride for an entire nation. The goal of the redesign of the heritage center's museum store was to allow the culture of the Cherokee Nation to be displayed through their art, literature and hand-crafted keepsakes while creating a fluid transition to the heritage museum.

''This contemporary and fluid environment is created with the use of custom fixtures, etchings and other subtle visuals throughout the facility, offering visitors insight into the Cherokee history and culture,'' said David Hook, senior designer of Resource Design.

The heritage center is governed by the Cherokee National Historical Society Inc., a nonprofit organization, and is operated with significant support from the Cherokee Nation and Cherokee Nation Enterprises. It has served as a national historical and cultural preservation site for the Cherokee Nation since its living village opened in 1967, followed by the museum and gift shop in 1974.

The concept of this redesign was to create better continuity between the retail space and the heritage museum, while still capturing the essence of Cherokee culture as with the original design of the structure.

Phase two of the heritage center construction and redesign plan will include a new parking lot and aesthetic renovations to the atrium and restrooms.

For more information about the Cherokee Heritage Center, visit http://www.cherokeeheritage.org/ or http://www.cherokeetourismok.com/, or call (888) 999-6007.

Cherokee History? Check it out for yourself

Gallery renovations complete at Cherokee Travel Plaza Email this page Print this page

Posted: August 20, 2008
by: Staff Reports / Indian Country Today

http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096417990

ROLAND, Okla. - Renovation efforts at the Cherokee Travel Plaza's art gallery and theater are now complete.

The $60,000 renovation efforts began in June 2008 and were led by Resource Design of Rogers, Ark., and Takoda Development of Ponca City.

''We now have an art gallery that is aesthetically on par with the quality and authenticity of the Cherokee artwork that is displayed and sold there,'' said David Stewart, CEO of Cherokee Nation Enterprises, which operates Cherokee Casinos and multiple other retail businesses.

With the renovation, the art gallery showcases Cherokee art on pedestals with intricately placed lighting, and custom shelving allows more art to be displayed in the gallery. Also as part of the renovation, the gallery is enclosed by elevated, frosted glass, etched with Southeastern designs.

The 10-seat theater plays Cherokee films on demand, using a self-serve touch screen. It is currently showing ''Stories of the Cherokees,'' a short film produced by Cherokee citizen K.A. Gilliland and directed by Andrew Sikora. Featuring Cherokee storytellers and actors David Scott, Robert Lewis and Chris Smith, the film is about how the Cherokees viewed European explorers and their customs upon arrival in North America. Shot entirely on location within the Cherokee Nation in both English and Cherokee, it is the first Cherokee language film to be featured at the Cannes Film Festival in France.

The full-service travel plaza is located at Interstate 40 and State Highway 64 on the same street as Cherokee Casino Roland and Cherokee Casino Inn. The 13,000-square-foot facility is outfitted with 12 multi-gas pumps of gasoline, six transport diesel pumps, food and beverage items, gift and sundry items, Internet connections, a drivers' lounge, truck parts, telephones, laundry facilities, showers and a Subway restaurant.

For more information, visit www.CherokeeTourismOK.com or www.CherokeeCasino.com.

Some things just never change

Study finds minorities more likely to be paddled

By LIBBY QUAID – 8 hours ago

http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5jvb2qMCd3ccBpqlVrVh18NDLtpPwD92LPMRO0

WASHINGTON (AP) — Paddlings, swats, licks. A quarter of a million schoolchildren got them last year — and blacks, American Indians and kids with disabilities got a disproportionate share of the punishment, according to a study by a human rights group.

Even little kids can be paddled. Heather Porter, who lives in Crockett, Texas, was startled to hear her little boy, then 3, say he'd been spanked at school. Porter was never told, despite a policy at the public preschool that parents be notified.

"We were pretty ticked off, to say the least. The reason he got paddled was because he was untying his shoes and playing with the air conditioner thermostat," Porter said. "He was being a 3-year-old."

For the study, which was being released Wednesday, Human Rights Watch and the American Civil Liberties Union used Education Department data to show that, while paddling has been declining, racial disparity persists. Researchers also interviewed students, parents and school personnel in Texas and Mississippi, states that account for 40 percent of the 223,190 kids who were paddled at least once in the 2006-2007 school year.

Porter could have filled out a form telling the school not to paddle her son, if only she had realized he might be paddled.

Yet many parents find that such forms are ignored, the study said.

Widespread paddling can make it unlikely that forms will be checked. A teacher interviewed by Human Rights Watch, Tiffany Bartlett, said that when she taught in the Mississippi Delta, the policy was to lock the classroom doors when the bell rang, leaving stragglers to be paddled by an administrator patrolling the hallways. Bartlett now is a school teacher in Austin, Texas.

And even if schools make a mistake, they are unlikely to face lawsuits. In places where corporal punishment is allowed, teachers and principals generally have legal immunity from assault laws, the study said.

"One of the things we've seen over and over again is that parents have difficulty getting redress, if a child is paddled and severely injured, or paddled in violation of parents' wishes," said Alice Farmer, the study's author.

A majority of states have outlawed it, but corporal punishment remains widespread across the South. Behind Texas and Mississippi were Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Tennessee, Oklahoma, Louisiana, Florida and Missouri.

African American students are more than twice as likely to be paddled. The disparity persists even in places with large black populations, the study found. Similarly, Native Americans were more than twice as likely to be paddled, the study found.

The study also found:

_In states where paddling is most common, black girls were paddled more than twice as often as white girls.

_Boys are three times as likely to be paddled as girls.

_Special education kids were more likely to be paddled.

More than 100 countries worldwide have banned paddling in schools, including all of Europe, Farmer said. "International human rights law puts a pretty strong prohibition on corporal punishment," she said.

In rural Drew, Miss., Nickolaus Luckett still remembers the paddlings he got in fifth and seventh grades. One happened when he called a teacher by her first name, the other when a classmate said, wrongly, that he threw a spitball.

"I didn't get any bruises, but they still hurt, and from that point on, I told myself and my parents I wasn't going to take any more paddlings," said Luckett, who is about to be a sophomore at the University of Mississippi.

It's not an easy choice. In many schools, kids can avoid a paddling if they accept suspension or detention, or for younger kids, if they skip recess. But often, a child opts for the short-term sting of the paddle.

And sometimes teachers don't have the option of after-school detention, because there are no buses to take kids home later.

During the three years Evan Couzo taught in the Mississippi Delta, he refused to paddle kids, offering detention instead. But others — teachers, parents, even kids — were accustomed to paddling.

"Just about everyone at the beginning of the year said, `If he or she gives you any trouble, you can paddle them. You can send them home, and I'll paddle them. Or you can have me come out to the school, and we can both paddle them.'

"It's really just a part of the culture of the school environment there," Couzo said.
There is scant research on whether paddling is effective in the classroom. But many studies have shown it doesn't work at home, said Elizabeth Gershoff, a University of Michigan assistant professor of social work.

"The use of corporal punishment is associated almost overwhelmingly with negative effects, and that it increases children's problem behavior over time," Gershoff said.
Children may learn to solve problems using aggression, and a sense of resentment might make them act out more, Gershoff said.

The practice is banned in 29 states, most recently in Delaware and Pennsylvania. While some education groups haven't taken a position on the issue, the national PTA believes paddling should be banned everywhere.

"We teach our children that violence is wrong, yet corporal punishment teaches children that violence is a way to solve problems," said Jan Harp Domene, the group's president. "It perpetuates a cycle of child abuse. It teaches children to hit someone smaller and weaker when angry."

Say, it's true!

POSTED August 19, 1:05 PM

http://www.examiner.com/x-638-Native-American-Community-Examiner~y2008m8d19-What-do-you-knowThe-Federal-Government-trying-to-do-right-by-Native-Americans

That's right, the Federal Government is making positive headlines in the Native American News. There is a little thing called the "Indian Child Welfare Act" which enables ANY federally recognized tribe to intervene in cases involving Native American Children. The Tribes have the authority to intervene in any case brought on by any State Children's Services Organization.

You see, it's not that Native Americans don't want the responsibility of taking care of their own, it's that they have not had the "authority" held by the Federal Government. As someone involved with Native American Issues, and knowing several communities, I know there is cause for celebration. While not to paint the Tribes as inept (which they most certainly are not) I can just imagine how this plays out on reservations. As Sophia would have said on the show Golden Girls, "Picture it..."

A reservation, somewhere within the boundaries of the United States. A Native American Elder drives the dirt roads along the stretching miles of the reservation. His/Her job is to check on the welfare of children now being handled by tribal means instead of the State CPS. No longer will the Men in Black pull up to a reservation home or institution to investigate matters of abuse or neglect. Nope, now there are, thankfully, concerned Grey haired elders and others who take on the task of "seeing to the children." Tribal members no longer, in this case, have the fear of the White man coming onto a land that is unfamiliar to them, and trying to get things done their way. Make no mistake, these elders are not pushovers. Native American Culture holds children as sacred, so while the tribal leaders may understand circumstances, they will not be manipulated either. There is a Lakota word, "Eya (eeya)" which is a woman unafraid to speak her mind. She has no problem standing up to a man half her age and twice her size and saying "Hey, get a job!" I can't help but smile when I think of these women dealing with Mothers who are used to playing and manipulating the system and claiming being misunderstood. These Mothers will now be dealing with one of their own. Someone who can truly understand, and yet not be played. The Federal Government, now taking recommendations from Native American People. It's a wonderful thing.

It is refreshing to see good news concerning the Federal Government and Native Americans. Not that issues of Child abuse are good news, but seeing Native Americans wield the authority to govern their own people is a step in the right direction.

Interested in Cherokee History - Come see for yourself

Chief unveils project to promote history of downtown Tahlequah

Tahlequah Daily Press
Tahlequah, OK
08/19/2008

By BETTY SMITH
Press special writer


TAHLEQUAH DAILY PRESS —

People who shop and sightsee through Tahlequah’s downtown will soon receive additional insights into the rich history of the historic buildings surrounding Cherokee Courthouse Square and adjoining areas.


Cherokee Nation Principal Chief Chad Smith Monday announced a plan by Cherokee Tourism for the History on Main Street project, which will place historic photos in downtown storefront windows. While shoppers admire the merchandise, they can learn more about life here, and what Tahlequah looked like, a century or more ago.


Beth Herrington, representing the city and Tahlequah Historic Preservation, joined in the enthusiasm for the project.


This was the third major action by Smith and the Cherokee Nation, along with Tahlequah city officials, in as many weeks in projects to benefit Tahlequah, Cherokee County, and this area.


On July 28, Smith announced construction of several new buildings, including an urgent care clinic, outpatient surgery and doctors’ offices, adjacent to W.W. Hastings Indian Medical Center. The Cherokee Nation’s Health Care Committee has approved plans for the tribe to assume operation of the hospital. Last week, Smith and other officials broke ground on a restoration project of the old Cherokee Nation Supreme Court Building and the adjacent prison.


“The Cherokee Nation wants to tell its story,” Smith said. “It seems so simple, but there’s a lot of work there.”


Smith noted that 9,000 people have taken the 40-hour Cherokee history class presented by the tribe, and one important lesson is evident.


“History always repeats itself. It’s like clockwork every 20 to 40 years,” he said, speaking of the federal government’s attitude toward the native population. “We are people who face adversity, survive, adapt, and prosper.”


The old part of Tahlequah represents two of the passions long present among Cherokee leaders, exemplified by the Supreme Court building at the south end of the square, the oldest government building existing in Tahlequah, and Seminary Hall at Northeastern State University to the north.


“At the south end of town is our great passion for justice in the Supreme Court building; at the north end is our passion for education, the female seminary,” Smith said. “Look at all the stories between these two bookends, the development of Tahlequah. It’s our belief that if we can tell our history, these stories, we will prosper.”


Smith said people want to learn the stories of those who lived here long ago, the details of their lives, how they triumphed over adversity.


Some of the photos on display portray moments frozen by the camera’s shutter, such as:


• The interior of the Crew Rexall Drug Store, now Kimberly’s, showing several people staring at the camera. It’s a favorite of Stephanie Lusher. She and Lori Smiley, owners of the NDN Art Gallery downtown, enlarged and mounted the photos for display. Lusher said Danny Perry, director of Tahlequah Main Street, pointed out what appears to be a ghost in the picture. “See the woman with no legs that you can kind of see through?” she said, pointing at a spectral figure in a white dress. (When the photos go on display, look and judge for yourself.)

• Cherokee Nation Principal Chief Thomas Buffington delivering a speech in front of the Cherokee National Capitol, now the Old Courthouse, sometime between 1899 and 1903Gentlemen – perhaps tribal councilors – sit behind him on a platform.

• The wood-frame Palace Hotel, on Keetoowah Street next to the Supreme Court building and jail.

• A street scene showing a man with a walrus mustache, with two gold medallions and a gold watch chain adorning his jacket, strolling down the sidewalk with two men wearing derbies.

• Two typesetters in the Cherokee Advocate office, Cat. N.J. Starr and Watie Freeman, about 1900. The office was in the old Supreme Court Building.

• The young ladies of the Cherokee Female Seminary parading down Muskogee Avenue in 1853. They are wearing dark dresses with ribbon decorations a few inches above the hem.

Smith said Cherokee Tourism hopes to use this program, along with other properties it has purchased in the downtown area, as an incentive to market arts and crafts, to teach and pass on the Cherokee language. He sees the day when tourists, including international ones, will stop at the Cherokee Casino in Catoosa and want to learn more about the Cherokees, leading them to this area.

“When they take our story back with them, we know that our future is more secure,” he said. “When we take these photos out and look at them, we know how many great stories there are, how many stories remain untold.”

Herrington, a retired educator, has devoted much of her life to studying and preserving Tahlequah’s history. She said that since 2000, eight local properties have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Cherokee County has 16.

“There are counties in Oklahoma that have none, so Cherokee County has a lot to be proud of,” she said.

Herrington said city officials have encouraged these preservation efforts. Two former mayors, Jerry Cook and Sally Ross, attended Monday evening’s announcement, while Mayor Ken Purdy was busy at the City Council meeting.

Since 2003, the Historic Preservation Commission has placed 10 signs on other properties of historic significance that may not qualify for the National Register.

“In many instances, they’re relevant to the magnificent direction the Cherokee Nation led from 1839 on,” she said.

Herrington said the lone building that survived the great fire of 1895, the subject of one of the photos, was the one occupied by the Dawes Commission. Meigs Jewelry now occupies the renovated building, the subject of one photo.

“I think this is just absolutely incredible,” said Todd Mutzig of Meigs Jewelry. “We have so much history, and this is finally a way to be able to tell it. We’ll take as many photos as they’re willing to send our way.”

Perry’s Tahlequah Main Street program has helped obtain and research the photos.

“I’ve learned more about the history of Tahlequah in the past four weeks working on this project than I ever knew,” he said.

He said 17 more photos have been obtained from the Northeastern State University archives and are being prepared.

“Eventually every building downtown will be able to have at least one photo,” he said.

Smiley said she and Lusher have been working to restore their building housing the NDN Art Gallery since they acquired it six years ago. They consider historic photos an appropriate complement to the town’s architecture.

“I’m certainly delighted to see the Cherokee Nation undertake this project,” said David Moore, executive director of Tahlequah Area Chamber of Commerce. “To see history and tourism united will ensure the likelihood of success. We look forward to future projects with the Cherokee Nation, NSU and all of our community partners.”

NSU President Dr. Don Betz agreed. He and his wife, Susanne, are eager to become a vital part of Tahlequah since moving back here.

“We love it,” he said “If we do this right, people will come. I think there is a unique and powerful relationship developing between the Cherokee Nation, the city and the university. I think the possibilities are virtually limitless.”

Tuesday, August 19, 2008

Americanization of Native Americans

Americanization can refer to the policies of the United States government and public opinion that there is a standard set of cultural values that should be held in common by all citizens. Education was and is viewed as the primary method in the acculturation process. These opinions were harshly applied when it came to Americanization of Native Americans compared to immigrant populations who arrived with their "non-American traditions".

The Americanization policies said that when indigenous people learned American customs and values they would soon merge tribal traditions with European-American culture and peacefully melt into the greater society. For example in the 1800s and early 1900s, traditional religious ceremonies were outlawed and it was mandatory for children to attend English speaking boarding schools where native languages and cultural traditions were forbidden. The Dawes Act of 1887, which allotted tribal lands to individuals and resulted in an estimated total of 93 million acres (6,100 km²) leaving Native American hands, and the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 were also part of these policies.

for more information:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Americanization_(of_Native_Americans)

Forced Assimilation

Forced assimilation is a process of forced cultural assimilation of religious or ethnic minority groups, into an established and generally larger community. This presumes a loss of many characteristics which make the minority different.

Ethnic assimilation

If a state or a government puts extreme emphasis on a homogeneous national identity, it may resort, especially in the case of minorities originating from historical foes, to harsh, even extreme measures to 'exterminate' the minority culture, sometimes to the point of considering the only alternative its physical elimination (expulsion or even genocide).

for more info:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forced_assimilation

Assimilation - one culture *absorbs* another

Cultural assimilation (often called merely assimilation) is a process of integration whereby members of an ethno-cultural community (such as immigrants, or ethnic minorities) are "absorbed" into another, generally larger, community. This implies the loss of the characteristics of the absorbed group, such as language, customs, ethnicity and self-identity.

Assimilation may be voluntary or forced, as is often the case regarding ethnic minorities (see forced assimilation).

A region or society where several different groups are spontaneously assimilated is sometimes referred to as a melting pot.

Cultural influence

A group (a state or an ethnicity) can spontaneously adopt a different culture due to its political relevance, or to its perceived superiority. The first is the case of the Latin culture and language, that were gradually adopted by most of the subjugated people.

The second is the case of subjugated, but older and richer culture, which see itself imitated by the new masters, e.g. the victorious Roman Republic adopted more from the Hellenistic cultures than it imposed in most domains, except such Roman specialities as law and the military.

more info:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assimilation_(sociology)

Acculturation - groups remain distinct

Acculturation is the exchange of cultural features that results when groups come into continuous firsthand contact; the original cultural patterns of either or both groups may be altered, but the groups remain distinct. (Kottak 2007)

Beginning perhaps with Child (1943) and Lewin (1948), acculturation began to be conceived as the strategic reaction of the minority to continuous contact with the dominant group. See Rudmin's 2003 tabulation of acculturation theories.[1]Thus, there are several options the minority can choose, each with different motivations and different consequences. These options include assimilation to the majority culture, a defensive assertion of the minority culture, a bicultural blending of the two cultures, a bicultural alternation between cultures depending on contexts, or a diminishment of both cultures. Following Berry's (1980; 2003) terminology, four major options or strategies are now commonly called assimilation, separation, integration, and marginalization.

for more information:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acculturation

Will Rogers Fly-in - Oologah Oklahoma!

Different Rogers is honored at Fly-In site

By ALTHEA PETERSON World Staff Writer 8/18/2008Last Modified: 8/18/2008 2:08 PM

Slide show: Watch a slide show and listen to audio of the Will Rogers Fly-in.

Slide show: Watch a video of the Will Rogers Wiley Post Fly-in.

http://www.tulsaworld.com/news/article.aspx?articleID=20080818_11_A1_Apairo756118


A marker is placed to remember Clem Rogers, who owned the farm where his famous son was born.


OOLOGAH — When Doris "Coke" Lane Meyer looks back at her family history each year, she always wants to set the record straight about Rogers County:

"It was named after Will's father, Clem, not after Will Rogers himself."

Clem Rogers' son Will may be the star of the annual Will Rogers-Wiley Post Fly-In at the Will Rogers Birthplace near Oologah, but the main honor of the day went to his father. Clement Vann Rogers received a stone memorial marker at the site Sunday.

Will Rogers' grandniece, Lane Meyer, 88, attended the celebration and gave some background on the Rogers clan. Clem Rogers was a Cherokee representative on the commission to write the Oklahoma Constitution, making the marker, sponsored by the Oklahoma Centennial Commission, a perfect fit.

"So many people have been confused and think our county was named for Will, but it was his dad," she said. "This monument means a lot to have it here to help people realize that this was the home place and for people to realize why we're Rogers County."

Rep. Tad Jones, R-Claremore, said the marker's cost was coming out of Rogers County's $50,000 allotment for the centennial.

Although the centennial year ended eight months ago, the marker's unveiling was timed specifically for this Will Rogers-Wiley Post Fly-In weekend, he said.

"To be able to do it on this day in honor of the Fly-In was just great," he said.

Steve Gragert, the director of the Will Rogers Memorial Museums, noted that the Fly-In's site wouldn't even exist if it weren't for Clem Rogers.

"He's the one who built the house and made it all possible for us to have Will," Gragert said. "Well, maybe not all possible. Half possible."

However, it couldn't be a Fly-In without the usual planes taking to the skies before and after the ceremony, which honors the contributions to aviation by both Wiley Post and Will Rogers. This tradition draws audiences young and old, said Andy Hogan, the memorial commission's historian.

"At the memorial, we have a mission to collect, to preserve and to share the life, the humor and the wisdom of Will Rogers for all generations," he said. "Everybody in Oklahoma owns this, and we want to keep it current."

Shane Whisler, a Rogers County native who lives in Dallas, said it was a great event to share with his daughters.

"I love Rogers County because it formed who I am and especially the legacy and character of Will Rogers," said Whisler, 41.

"He wasn't just a great American. He was a great human."


Althea Peterson 581-8361
althea.peterson@tulsaworld.com

Saturday, August 16, 2008

Ann Coulter *Barack Obama is a 2 bit dime store Hitler!*

Jeremiah Wright interviewed by Hannity and Colmes show

Sean Hannity asserts Barack Obama is a racist

Inside the Mind of Obama, a Hypocrite Racist

Glenn Beck Exposes Obama's Secret: A 'Closet' Racist

Glenn Beck: 75,000 Went to a Concert, Not to Hear Obama

Native Americans Against Obama-The Hype-Change

I never did understand this Abramoff scandal from the media accounts

Which of course, Abramoff did, primarily with lucrative contracts involving Indian casinos, after which Reed and Abramoff left voluminous records. These actions of a corrupt lobbyist and a so-called pious former head of the Christian Coalition, tied up in a gambling scandal — that’s not the kind of people that John McCain ought to turn to, to raise money for his campaign efforts.

(however, I suspect if the Justice department thought these folks should have been prosecuted they would have been? Did Waxman take it up with them? Apparently Abramoff was prosecuted because he was over charging a Miss Tribe?? Perhaps we should look to the salaries of Congress and ask, are they over charging us for what they do?)

For the full story:
http://thinkprogress.org/2008/08/15/mccain-abramoff-reed/

However, the Indian Health Care Bill and Housing Bill are Stuck in the House because of the Congressional Black Caucus


South Dakota Sen. John Thune, a Republican, pushed to add the money to the AIDS bill, saying that it would be an appropriate part of legislation designed to help poor communities.

''There are reservations in this country where conditions are as dire as any place in the world,'' Thune said.

North Dakota Sen. Byron Dorgan, the Democratic chairman of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee, worked with Thune on the amendment to the AIDS bill when it was on the Senate floor earlier in August. He pushed to add the health care money, saying that there is a health care crisis on reservations.

Wyoming Sen. Mike Enzi, the top Republican on the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee and a supporter of the AIDS bill, also praised the Indian money.

(some folks in Congress *get it*)

for the full story:
http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096417952

Indian Casinos

So Why Indian Casinos, Anyway?

A majority of the casino gaming in the US is run and even regulated through the Indian reservations, usually with simple nods to the Feds. A look at American history, society, business and law enforcement.

By Michael M Aug 15, 2008

http://www.onlinecasinoreports.com/news/specialreports/2008/8/15/so-why-indian-casinos-anyway.php

From the earliest days of colonial period, Americans have had a rocky relationship with their Indian neighbors. The Native Americans resented European expansion; the settlers pushed west onto tribal lands. Conflict was inevitable.

By 1890, the western ‘frontier of settlement' was a thing of the past, and the Indian tribes had mostly been confined to a series of reservations across most of the 48 contiguous states. These Indian reservations had, and still have, an ambiguous relationship (boy that's an understatement) with the US and state governments.

Formed by treaties between the Federal authorities and the individual tribes, the reservations are, technically, sovereign entities, not bound by state laws (in steps public law 280 for some tribes in some states one being California and it's tribes) and only loosely bound (and tightly bound by Congress) by Federal regulations and laws. Given the history of distrust between Indians and whites, it's an uneasy relationship; sometimes it works well, and sometimes its bursts into violence (think Leonard Peltier).

Gone gambling

So where do Indian casinos fit into the story? How do they relate to the history of conflict, and the Indians' long defeat? Oddly enough, the fit is logical, and it boils down to money. (money the Feds don't want to budget and money the tribes need to support themselves)

The Indian reservations were set up, for the most part, in the latter half of the 1800s, on land which the US government deemed marginal for settlement or development. Their purpose was not so much to give the Indians a place to live, as to get ‘em out of the way. It's an ugly chapter of American history. (listen up here, Rep Watson and Congressional Black Caucus)

The reservation system, combined with prejudice, bigotry, and segregation, (and still going on today) left a majority of American Indians (Native Americans, as they prefer to be called today) living in deep poverty by the mid 1900s, with, at best, run-down facilities and no particular tax base or income. And then, in the latter half of the 1900s, some enterprising tribal leaders made a few important connections...

Know thy neighbors

First, they noticed that a lot of Americans liked to gamble. It was hard not to notice this, since many people would go to the reservations for their games. They did that because a majority of states (Nevada and New Jersey are notable as exceptions) have strict laws regulating or forbidding gambling, whether casino based or private games. (yep, steady stream of cars from California to Nevada - that road now is a parking lot as well)

Second, the tribal leaders began to realize that their reservations were islands of legal gambling within the states. To take one example, Michigan simply forbade casino gambling until the mid-1990s. To take advantage of this, the tribes on the Isabella Indian Reservation, near Mt. Pleasant, built the Soaring Eagle Casino: a first-class resort hotel and casino, complete with five-star restaurants and spas. Soaring Eagle is only a few hours north of metropolitan Detroit, and is a well known vacation destination in Michigan and Ohio.

The final thing the tribal leaders saw was the sheer quantity of money to be made from operating casinos. This writer has been to the Isabella Reservation; casino profits have paid for new school buildings, fire and police stations, emergency vehicles, and an ambulance service. Verified tribal members are entitled to a percentage of annual profits, as well. The reservation can set its own gaming regulations, and pays no taxes to state or Federal governments. (enters the compacts where states now take a big chunk of the proceeds - you didn't really think the states were going to pass up this money grab opportunity did you?)

The effects, both positive and not

Most tribes within the US made the same realizations, and Indian casinos have popped up all over. The income from them has permitted tremendous improvements in the standard of living at most reservations. Several of the tribes used their unique regulatory status to get around Federal regulations and enter the Internet gaming market, as well. Canada, with a similar history to the US, is home to the Kahnawake Gaming Commission.

The picture, of course, is not completely rosy, but it's not likely to change anytime soon. Most legal gambling in the US is based on Indian reservations, in the Indian casinos.

(just providing a service the American public wants...:))

CBC hasn't consulted with the Cherokee Nation for what reason?

[Tom] Cole, R-Okla., a citizen of the Chickasaw Nation, issued a scalding statement to the Tulsa (Okla.) World that accused Hogen of duplicity, ''back-door regulatory actions,'' abuse of due process, misuse of power, a breach of the government's trust obligation toward tribes and ''disregard for the rights of Native Americans.'' (way to go Rep Tom Cole!)

[Nick] Rahall, D-W.Va., is chairman of Natural Resources, the principal committee of Indian jurisdiction in the House of Representatives. As the only enrolled tribal member in Congress, Cole is an active member of the committee. Rahall issued a letter to Hogen at about the same time Cole's statements appeared, directing him to withdraw controversial Class II gaming regulations and start consulting properly with tribes. (so if Natural Resources is the principal committee of Indian jurisdiction, are they going to be at the Watson hearings? Someone needs to be there to oversee the CBC!)

For the rest of the Story:

Metlakatla decision still haunts NIGC chairman

Posted: August 15, 2008
by: Jerry Reynolds
Indian Country Today

http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1096417953

Thursday, August 14, 2008

BIA gets it from all sides

Well, apparently those who believe that Obama is somehow going to have any influence over the Congressional Black Caucus and Rep Watson or has done us any real favors with a statement he thinks Indian Tribes are sovereigns, they need to take a long hard look at him, Congress is going to call the shots here and if they can bully the BIA into admitting non Indians into tribes because they are Black, well, not much he's going to do about it, read the story, CBC presses BIA about Freemen, page 1, link below.

Watson still pushing ahead with yet ANOTHER hearing. More waste of taxpayers dollars, more special interest cronyism. She didn't solve anything after the first hearing, now she's going to TALK some more. And the BIA, well, they're caught in the middle, they got a court case looming AND a congressional hearing, no wonder they can't find anyone to run that agency - maybe a Freedmen will get the job....wouldn't surprise me...in fact not much coming down the pike surprises me...I mean 200 years of this and you just get use to it. I guess we'll see how much back bone the BIA really has.

According to Wayne Thompson, lobbyist for the Freedmen (they have a lobbyist...is there something more to this Indian Citizenship I'm not seeing here? a LOBBYIST...talk about a special interest group) anyway he's telling the Freedmen that more than likely in the fall there will be joint hearings that will be held by the Judiciary Committee and Government Oversight Committee....All this for a bunch of folks that aren't even Indian....my, my, amazing!

Well, I must say, every ones getting into the fray except the Congressional Native American Caucus...lol...I see a real MESS on the horizon.

Apparently Rep Cole is the only congressman with Native Citizenship...talk about David and Goliath...I sure hope he's on one of them thar committees...and where's the Indian Affairs committee...doesn't this have SOMETHING to do with them as well... don't we have a Treaty Committee in here somewhere as well....

I think they're going to need a new committee, how to keep ethnic caucuses from running amok and a new oversight committee to curb hypocrisy and bigotry in congress.

Better yet, if Congress wants the Freedmen to be Indian, I'm still wondering how come they don't just pass a bill and make the Freedmen Indian, then recognize them as the Freedmen Tribe, boy, that sure sounds simple to me. That way, they could be Indian and the Cherokee could remain a Cherokee Tribe, those of us with a Cherokee Ancestor. That just sounds so simple to do. What is the hang up here, oh, they just want to lord over the Cherokee and let us know they can force us to accept non Indians whether we like it or not. Well, of course, it's that Washington Mentality...guess a simple solution just won't work for them....

The saddest part of all is the Indians once again get the shaft.

I hope the Chief stands his ground.

Perhaps the Cherokee Nation has a Civil Rights Action against the Freedmen??

Read the full article in the Cherokee Phoenix:

http://www.cherokeephoenix.org/Docs/PDF/2008/2008-08-01.pdf